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Guard kachinas function as warriors, protectors and overseers. They act as sergeants-at-arms or policemen by enforcing ceremonial rules and preventing unwelcome spectators or prevent other kachinas powers from interrupting the ritual proceedings.
They are also referred to as Ichivota, or Angry Kachinas, and Watching Kachinas. Guard kachinas frequently carry yucca whips and bows which they also use to ensure the men perform their chores and keep the villages clean.
Kachina types may cross match into one or more group since many kachinas are multi-faceted with numerous responsbilities and roles.
Each kachina mask pattern has a brief overview of the Hopi religious and ceremonial meaning and purpose of the design plus links to one or more existing native American kachina doll photo or drawing. Many kachinas can belong to more than one group or category, for example, a chief kachina can also be a clown or a runner, and might be listed in those categories as well. Children can decorate the masks using their own imagination or refer to the the photos of actual native American designs and make the masks come to life with stories and song.
He'e'e, He Wuhti, Warrior Woman or Maiden, belongs to both the Guard or Tuwalakum Kachinas and Chief or Mongwi Kachinum categories.
The history behind the story of this kachina depends upon the mesa. Second Mesa says this kachina was a young, half-dressed warrior caught by suprise into battle. Other versions says she was a young half-dressed maiden caught up in a sudden battle. In all versions, however, the person gropped everything and took up weapons to fight off the attackers until help arrived.
Most kachina impersonators or dancers are men, even when the kachina spirit is female. The He'e'e kachina is a very powerful spirit who leads a procession of warrior kachinas to protect the Pachavu ceremonial procession. In some other ceremonies guard kachinas have to protect the ceremony from the He'e'e kachina power.
Ewiro Warrior is most often seen during the Powamu and Pachavu ceremonies. He is an old-style Third Mesa Kachina who once appeared as a sergeant-at-arms to ensure the men performed their chores and kept the villages clean.
He primarily appears now as a guard during the Powamu and Pachavu ceremonies, but may also appear as a warrior against clown kachinas.
The Sakwa Hu or Blue Whipper Kachina has the responsibility to guard or maintain order to ensure reverence and respect for the Katsinam, friendly spirits that pray for rain and bountiful harvests, and to make sure that nobody misbehaves at the ceremonies and dances.
The Sakwa Hu carry whips and appear as fierce-looking spirits with bulging eyes, big beards and long, bright red tongues. Some Sakwa Hu appear with painted horns while others just have the large ears typical to kachina designs. They are treated with great respect and dignity.
The Chakwaina kachina, a wuya of his clan is a warrior kachina who has a number of relatives which include the Grandmother, Mana or Mother and Sister as well as the Uncle, a side dancer. This kachina also belongs in the Chief or Mongwi Kachinum category.
The Chakwaina Sho-adta and Chakwaina Mana Kachina is the Grandmother of the Asa Clan. Most kachina impersonators or dancers are men, even when the kachina spirit is female. This kachina appears in January during the Kiva Dances in the Pamuya ceremonies at First Mesa.
Like the He'e'e kachina the Chakwaina represents a warrior spirit who leads a band of other warrior kachinas to help protect the ceremonies.
Aholi Chief's Lieutenant
Construct-A-Mask Aholi Chief's Lieutenant
Aholi is the Chief Lieutenant to Eototo Kachina Chief and only appears on the Third Mesa during Powamu, or Bean Planting Festival, to help bring rain to the villages. Aholi is also the wuya (patron saint) of the Pikyas or Young Corn Clan who take care of seed corn.
The Aholi Chief Lieutenant's mask is a high conical shape with tuffs of hair in place of ears. He wears a fox skin collar or ruff. Legend has it that Aholi and Eototo were once traveling companions in a different land and Aholi sacrificed his life so that Eototo could escape to become leader.
Together Aholi and Chief Eototo travel to Hopi villages to deliver prayers and bestow blessings upon each village they visit. Eototo draws cloud symbols on the ground with corn flour so clouds and moisture will be drawn to the pueblo. Aholi marks the spot for rain to come by poking the end of his stick in the cloud drawings.
Owa Ngaroo Mad Stone Eater or Owanja-Zrozro (The Mad One)
There are several different versions of this very old Stone Eating Kachina depending upon mesa. The Mad Stone Eater appears at the beginning of the Kachina season in February and/or March in the Powamu ceremony or Bean Dance ceremony where he is led around with a rope tied to his waist. He is called the stone eater because he catches and eats rocks that are thrown at him by mudheads who torment him.